Animal Pictures Archive mobile
Query: parrots in captivityResult: 6th of 37
Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) - Wiki
Subject: Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) - Wiki
Eclectus Parrot - melbourne zoo-Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus).jpg
Resolution: 1067x1600 File Size: 329831 Bytes Upload Date: 2007:08:09 11:47:28

Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) - Wiki

Eclectus Parrot
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[Photo] Eclectus Parrot, Eclectus roratus, (male). Taken at the Melbourne Zoo. Taken by Fir0002

The Eclectus Parrot, Eclectus roratus is a parrot native to the Solomon Islands, New Guinea, northeastern Australia and the Maluku Islands (Moluccas). It is unusual in the parrot family for its extreme sexual dimorphism. The males of the species are bright green, having bright candy corn coloured upper mandibles and black lower mandibles, and blue or red tail and wing feathers; while the females are red headed and blue to purple breasted, with black beaks. Joseph Forshaw, in his book Parrots of the World, noted that the first European ornithologists to see Eclectus parrots thought they were of two distinct species. Large populations of this parrot exist in Papua New Guinea, where they are sometimes considered as pests for eating fruit off trees. Their bright feathers are also used by native tribespeople as decorations.

Ornithologists usually classify the Eclectus Parrot as members of tribe Psittaculini in the Psittacidae family of order Psittaciformes. However, some recent thought indicates that there is a great deal of commonality between the Eclectus Parrot and the Loriinae tribe. It is thought that there are six subspecies of Eclectus Parrots in the wild, each with differences in size, coloring or habitat. Some of the most common subspecies are the Solomon Island, the Vosmaeri, and the Red-Sided.

Although the Eclectus Parrot is the only extant species in the genus Eclectus, fossil remains of another species, Eclectus infectus, have been found in archaeological sites in the islands of Tonga and Vanuatu(Steadman 2006). The species presumably existed in Fiji as well. E. infectus had proprtionally smaller wings than the Eclectus Parrot. The species went extinct after the arrival of man 3000 years ago, presumably due to human caused factors (habitat loss, introduced species).

The diet of the Eclectus in the wild consists of mainly fruits, unripened nuts, flower and leaf buds, and some seeds. A favorite fruit of the Eclectus is the pomegranate and papaya with seeds. In captivity, they will eat most fruits including mango, fig, guava, cherry, banana, any melons, stone fruits (peaches etc), grapes, citrus fruits, pears and apples.

Eclectus parrots are one of the more popular birds kept in captivity, as either parent or hand reared. Unlike many other species of parrot they are relatively easy to breed yet difficult to hand feed. None the less the frustration of hand rearing an ecelctus parrot can easily be outweighed by their character and companionship if imprinted properly. For Eclectus in captivity, it is also advisable to provide vegetables high in beta-carotene, such as lightly cooked sweet potato, fresh broccoli clumps, and fresh corn on the cob. Fresh greens such as endive or commercial dandelion are a very important in providing calcium and other nutrients. These birds should not be fed avocado, chocolate, or high fat junk foods such as French fries and commercially processed human foods such as pizza. Yogurt is the only dairy product which parrots can digest. Spray millet is one of the seed items they enjoy. A variety of soaked and cooked beans and legumes, along with brown rice, provided in limited amounts help provide protein to the Eclectus diet. Nuts and seeds provide vitamin E, but should be limited in order to avoid too much fat in the diet, as Eclectus can become fat.

One must avoid feeding an Eclectus fortified foods such as pellets, breads, pastas, etc. The Eclectus is sensitive to food additives, food coloring agents and man-made vitamins. Feeding commercial fortified products can lead to muscle spasms known as toe-tapping and wing flipping, as well as allergic reactions including severe itchiness leading to feather and skin damage.
The text in this page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article shown in above URL. It is used under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the GFDL.

parrots in captivity
| Mobile Home | New Photos | Random | Funny | Films | Korean |
^o^ Animal Pictures Archive for smart phones ^o^