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Onager (Equus hemionus) - Wiki
Subject: Onager (Equus hemionus) - Wiki
Onager (Equus hemionus) (animal).jpg
Resolution: 232x210 File Size: 15683 Bytes Date: 2003:10:04 10:23:08 Camera: E4500 (NIKON) F number: f/2.6 Exposure: 10/8896 sec Focal Length: 136/10 Upload Date: 2007:10:18 00:25:34

Onager (Equus hemionus) - Wiki


Onager
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[Photo] Onager (Equus hemionus). Date 4 October 2003. Photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Tannin
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The Onager (Equus hemionus) is a large mammal belonging to the horse family and native to the deserts of Syria, Iran, Pakistan, India, Israel, and Tibet. It is sometimes known as the half ass or the Asian Wild Ass.

Like many other large grazing animals, its range has contracted greatly under the pressures of hunting and habitat loss, and of the six subspecies, one is extinct and two endangered. The Kiang (E. kiang), a Tibetan relative, was previously considered to be a subspecies of the Onager as E. hemionus kiang, but recent molecular studies indicate that it is a distinct species.

Onagers are a little larger than donkeys at about 290 kg and 2.1 metres (head-body length), and are a little more horse-like. They are short-legged compared to horses, and their coloring varies depending on the season. They are generally reddish-brown in color during the summer, becoming yellowish-brown in the winter months. They have a black stripe bordered in white that extends down the middle of the back. They are notoriously untameable. Equids were used in ancient Sumer to pull wagons circa 2600 BC, and then chariots on the Standard of Ur, circa 2000 BC. These have been suggested to represent Onagers, but are now thought to have been domestic asses. (Clutton-Brock)

Subspecies

* Mongolian Wild Ass, Equus hemionus hemionus
* Syrian Wild Ass, Equus hemionus hemippus (extinct)
* Gobi Kulan or Dziggetai , Equus hemionus luteus
* Turkmenian Kulan, Equus hemionus kulan
* Persian Onager, Equus hemionus onager
* Indian Wild Ass or Khur, Equus hemionus khur

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onager
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Scientific Name: Equus hemionus Pallas, 1775
Common Names: Asiatic Wild Ass, Asian Wild Ass, Onager; [French] Hémione, Ane sauvage d'Asie, Hémippe; [Spanish] Asno Salvaje Asiático, Hemiono
Synonyms:
Equus bahram (Pocock, 1947)
Equus bedfordi Matschie, 1911
Equus blanfordi (Pocock, 1947)
Equus castaneus Lydekker, 1904
Equus dzigguetai (Wood, 1879)
Equus ferus Erxleben, 1777 [nomen oblitum]
Equus finschi Matschie, 1911
Equus hamar C.H. Smith, 1841
Equus hemionos Boddaert, 1785
Equus hemippus. I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1855
Equus indicus George, 1869
Equus indicus (Sclater, 1862) [nomen nudum]
Equus khur Lesson, 1827
Equus kulan (Groves & Mazák, 1967)
Equus luteus Matschie, 1911
Equus onager Boddaert, 1785
Equus onager Pallas, 1777 [unavailable]
Equus syriacus Milne-Edwards, 1869
Equus typicus Sclater, 1891

equus
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