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Asian elephant, Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus)
Subject: Asian elephant, Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus)
Poster: Wiki Photos (---@---.---)
Baby tusker - Asian elephant, Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus).jpg
Resolution: 3600x2700 File Size: 8795162 Bytes Date: 2016:09:02 19:04:30 Upload Date: 2017:03:23 14:52:16

Asian elephant, Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus)


English: The Asian or Asiatic elephant is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east.
Date 2 September 2015, 23:28:07
Author Manojiritty
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Baby_tusker.jpg

The Asian or Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus) is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east. Three subspecies are recognised — Elephas maximus maximus from Sri Lanka, the Elephas maximus indicus from mainland Asia, and Elephas maximus sumatranus from the island of Sumatra. Asian elephants are the largest living land animals in Asia.
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Genus: Elephas
Species: Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758
Subspecies
Elephas maximus maximus (Sri Lankan elephant)
Elephas maximus indicus (Indian elephant)
Elephas maximus sumatranus (Sumatran elephant)
Elephas maximus borneensis (Borneo elephant)

Comments
Guest
Scientific Name: Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758
Common Names: Asian Elephant, Asiatic Elephant, Eléphant d'Asie [French], Elefante Asiático [Spanish]
Guest
Since 1986, E. maximus has been listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as the population has declined by at least 50 per cent over the last three generations, estimated to be 60–75 years. Asian elephants are primarily threatened by degradation, fragmentation, loss of habitat, and poaching. In 2003, the wild population was estimated at between 41,410 and 52,345 individuals. Female captive elephants have lived beyond 60 years when kept in semi-natural surroundings, such as forest camps. In zoos, elephants die at a much younger age and are declining due to a low birth and high death rate.

elephant
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