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Sea Robin (Family: Triglidae) - Wiki
Subject: Sea Robin (Family: Triglidae) - Wiki
Helidonichthys spinosus-Red gurnard, Chelidonichthys spinosus.jpg
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Sea Robin (Family: Triglidae) - Wiki

Sea robin
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[Photo] Red gurnard, Chelidonichthys spinosus. ファイルの???要: ホウボウ en:Red Gurnard (Chelidonichthys spinosus). Location/撮影場所: ???路市立水族館. Source

Sea robins are bottom-feeding scorpaeniform fishes in the family Triglidae. They get their name from their large pectoral fins, which, when swimming, open and close like a bird's wings in flight. The pelvic fins can be used by the fish to "walk" on the bottom. When caught, it makes a croaking noise similar to a frog. The first three rays of the pectoral fins are membrane free and used for chemoreception.

Sea Robin flesh is described as firm and tender when cooked. The fish serves as an adequate replacement to rascasse, or scorpionfish, in bouillabaisse.

There are 114 species in eight genera:

Genus Aspitrigla
East Atlantic red gurnard, Aspitrigla cuculus (Linnaeus, 1758).
Genus Bellator
Shortfin searobin, Bellator brachychir (Regan, 1914).
Streamer searobin, Bellator egretta (Goode & Bean, 1896).
Bellator farrago Richards & McCosker, 1998.
Naked-belly searobin, Bellator gymnostethus (Gilbert, 1892).
Barred searobin, Bellator loxias (Jordan, 1897).
Horned searobin, Bellator militaris (Goode & Bean, 1896).
Bellator ribeiroi Miller, 1965.
Splitnose searobin, Bellator xenisma (Jordan & Bollman, 1890).
Genus Chelidonichthys
Cape gurnard, Chelidonichthys capensis (Cuvier, 1829).
Gabon gurnard, Chelidonichthys gabonensis (Poll & Roux, 1955).
Chelidonichthys ischyrus Jordan & Thompson, 1914.
Bluefin gurnard, Chelidonichthys kumu (Cuvier, 1829).
Streaked gurnard, Chelidonichthys lastoviza (Bonnaterre, 1788).
Tub gurnard, Chelidonichthys lucernus (Linnaeus, 1758).
Longfin gurnard, Chelidonichthys obscurus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801).
Lesser gurnard, Chelidonichthys queketti (Regan, 1904).
Red gurnard, Chelidonichthys spinosus (Gomon, 1987).
Genus Eutrigla
Grey gurnard, Eutrigla gurnardus (Linnaeus, 1758).
Genus Lepidotrigla
Lepidotrigla abyssalis Jordan & Starks, 1904.
Lepidotrigla alata (Houttuyn, 1782).
Lepidotrigla alcocki Regan, 1908.
Lepidotrigla annamarae del Cerro & Lloris, 1997.
Long-finned gurnard, Lepidotrigla argus Ogilby, 1910.
Lepidotrigla argyrosoma Fowler, 1938.
Twohorn gurnard, Lepidotrigla bentuviai Richards & Saksena, 1977.
Bullhorn gurnard, Lepidotrigla bispinosa Steindachner, 1898.
Scaly gurnard, Lepidotrigla brachyoptera Hutton, 1872.
Scalebreast gurnard, Lepidotrigla cadmani Regan, 1915.
Lepidotrigla calodactyla Ogilby, 1910.
Carol's gurnard, Lepidotrigla carolae Richards, 1968.
Large-scaled gurnard, Lepidotrigla cavillone (Lac??p??de, 1801).
Lepidotrigla deasoni Herre & Kauffman, 1952.
Spiny gurnard, Lepidotrigla dieuzeidei Blanc & Hureau, 1973.
Lepidotrigla eydouxii Sauvage, 1878.
Scalybreast gurnard, Lepidotrigla faurei Gilchrist & Thompson, 1914.
Supreme gurnard, Lepidotrigla grandis Ogilby, 1910.
Lepidotrigla guentheri Hilgendorf, 1879.
Lepidotrigla hime Matsubara & Hiyama, 1932.
Lepidotrigla japonica (Bleeker, 1854).
Lepidotrigla jimjoebob Richards, 1992.
Lepidotrigla kanagashira Kamohara, 1936.
Lepidotrigla kishinouyi Snyder, 1911.
Lepidotrigla larsoni del Cerro & Lloris, 1997.
Lepidotrigla lepidojugulata Li, 1981.
Lepidotrigla longifaciata Yatou, 1981.
Lepidotrigla longimana Li, 1981.
Lepidotrigla longipinnis Alcock, 1890.
Lepidotrigla macrobrachia Fowler, 1938.
Lepidotrigla marisinensis (Fowler, 1938).
Lepidotrigla microptera G??nther, 1873.
Grooved gurnard, Lepidotrigla modesta Waite, 1899.
Rough-snouted gurnard, Lepidotrigla mulhalli Macleay, 1884.
Indian Ocean spiny gurnard, Lepidotrigla multispinosa Smith, 1934.
Lepidotrigla musorstom del Cerro & Lloris, 1997.
Lepidotrigla nana del Cerro & Lloris, 1997.
Lepidotrigla oglina Fowler, 1938.
Oman gurnard, Lepidotrigla omanensis Regan, 1905.
Australian spiny gurnard, Lepidotrigla papilio (Cuvier, 1829).
Lepidotrigla pectoralis Fowler, 1938.
Eastern spiny gurnard, Lepidotrigla pleuracanthica (Richardson, 1845).
Lepidotrigla punctipectoralis Fowler, 1938.
Lepidotrigla robinsi Richards, 1997.
Lepidotrigla russelli del Cerro & Lloris, 1995.
Lepidotrigla sayademalha Richards, 1992.
Lepidotrigla sereti del Cerro & Lloris, 1997.
Spotwing gurnard, Lepidotrigla spiloptera G??nther, 1880.
Lepidotrigla spinosa Gomon, 1987.
Lepidotrigla umbrosa Ogilby, 1910.
Butterfly gurnard, Lepidotrigla vanessa (Richardson, 1839).
Lepidotrigla vaubani del Cerro & Lloris, 1997.
Lepidotrigla venusta Fowler, 1938.
Genus Prionotus
Spiny searobin, Prionotus alatus (Houttuyn, 1782).
Whitesnout searobin, Prionotus albirostris Jordan & Bollman, 1890.
Bean's searobin, Prionotus beanii Goode, 1896.
Two-beaked searobin, Prionotus birostratus Richardson, 1844.
Northern searobin, Prionotus carolinus (Linnaeus, 1771).
Striped searobin, Prionotus evolans (Linnaeus, 1766).
Bristly searobin, Prionotus horrens Richardson, 1844.
Bigeye searobin, Prionotus longispinosus Teague, 1951.
Gulf of Mexico barred searobin, Prionotus martis Ginsburg, 1950.
Galapagos gurnard, Prionotus miles Jenyns, 1840.
Prionotus murielae Mowbray, 1928.
Red searobin, Prionotus nudigula Ginsburg, 1950.
Bandtail searobin, Prionotus ophryas Jordan & Swain, 1885.
Mexican searobin, Prionotus paralatus Ginsburg, 1950.
Bluewing searobin, Prionotus punctatus (Bloch, 1793).
Bluespotted searobin, Prionotus roseus Jordan & Evermann, 1887.
Blackwing searobin, Prionotus rubio Jordan, 1886.
Common searobin, Prionotus ruscarius Gilbert & Starks, 1904.
Leopard searobin, Prionotus scitulus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882.
Shortwing searobin, Prionotus stearnsi Jordan & Swain, 1885.
Lumptail searobin, Prionotus stephanophrys Lockington, 1881.
Long-ray searobin, Prionotus teaguei Briggs, 1956.
Bighead searobin, Prionotus tribulus Cuvier, 1829.
Genus Pterygotrigla
Pterygotrigla acanthomoplate (Fowler, 1938).
Pterygotrigla andertoni Waite, 1910.
Mauritius gurnard, Pterygotrigla guezei Fourmanoir, 1963.
Blackspotted gurnard, Pterygotrigla hemisticta (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843).
Pterygotrigla hoplites (Fowler, 1938).
Black-finned gurnard, Pterygotrigla leptacanthus (G??nther, 1880).
Pterygotrigla macrolepidota (Kamohara, 1938).
Pterygotrigla macrorhynchus (Fowler, 1938).
Pterygotrigla megalops (Fowler, 1938).
Antrorse spined gurnard, Pterygotrigla multiocellata (Matsubara, 1937).
Pterygotrigla multipunctata Yatou & Yamakawa, 1983.
Yellow spotted gurnard, Pterygotrigla pauli Hardy, 1982.
Spotted gurnard, Pterygotrigla picta (G??nther, 1880).
Latchet, Pterygotrigla polyommata (Richardson, 1839).
Pterygotrigla robertsi del Cerro & Lloris, 1997.
Pterygotrigla ryukyuensis Matsubara & Hiyama, 1932.
Pterygotrigla spirai Golani & Baranes, 1997.
Pterygotrigla tagala (Herre & Kauffman, 1952).
Genus Trigla
Piper gurnard, Trigla lyra Linnaeus, 1758.
Triglia lucerna
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chelidonichthys lucerna
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