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Southern Ground-hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri) - Wiki
Subject: Southern Ground-hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri) - Wiki
Southern Ground-hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri).jpg
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Southern Ground-hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri) - Wiki

Southern Ground-hornbill
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Bucerotidae
Subfamily: Bucorvinae
Synonyms: Bucorvus cafer

[Photo] Southern Ground-hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri) adult male. in Moremi National Park, Okavango Delta, Botswana. Image by Duncan Wright (
Copyright (C) 2005 Duncan Wright
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The Southern Ground Hornbill, Bucorvus leadbeateri or Bucorvus cafer, is one of two species of ground-hornbill and is the largest species of hornbill.

It is a large bird, at 90 to 129 cm (36 to 51 in) long and a weight of 3.2 to 6.2 kg (7 to 13.6 lbs). It is characterized by black coloration and vivid red patches of bare skin on the face and throat (yellow in juvenile birds). The white tips of the wings (primary feathers) seen in flight are another diagnostic characteristic. The beak is black, straight and presents a casque, more developed in males. Female Southern Ground Hornbills are smaller and have violet-blue skin on their throats.

Its habitat comprises savannahs, woodlands and grasslands. It can be found from from northern Namibia and Angola to northern South Africa to Burundi and Kenya. The Southern Ground Hornbill is a vulnerable species, mainly confined to national reserves and national parks. They live in groups of 5 to 10 individuals including adults and juveniles. Often, neighbouring groups are engaged in aerial pursuits. They forage on the ground, where they feed on reptiles, frogs, snails, insects and mammals up to the size of hares. Juveniles are dependent on adults for 6 to 12 months.

The other species of the genus Bucorvus is the Abyssinian Ground-hornbill, Bucorvus abyssinicus.
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Scientific Name: Bucorvus leadbeateri (Vigors, 1825)
Common Names:
English – Southern Ground Hornbill
French – Bucorve du Sud, Grand Calao terrestre
Spanish – Cálao terrestre sureño
French: Bucorve du Sud German: Kaffernhornrabe Spanish: Cálao terrestre sureño
Taxonomy: Buceros Leadbeateri Vigors, 1825, Lower Bushman River, South Africa.
Bucorvus cafer (Vigors, 1825) — BirdLife International (1994, 2000, 2004, 2008)
Bucorvus leadbeateri ssp. leadbeateri (Vigors, 1825) — Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993)

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