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Grosbeak (Order: Passeriformes) - Wiki
Subject: Grosbeak (Order: Passeriformes) - Wiki
Evening Grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus 12.jpg
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Grosbeak (Order: Passeriformes) - Wiki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Families: Fringillidae, Cardinalidae, Ploceidae

[Photo] Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus), public domain from USFWS. URL:

Grosbeak is the name given to several species of seed-eating passerine bird with large bills, in the finch and cardinal families.

The following is a list of grosbeaks - note that the groups of species are not each other's closest relatives - they share the name grosbeak purely because of morphological similarity.

The finch family, Fringillidae contains the following 11 extant species (plus two species of Grosbeak Canary):

The S??o Tom?? Grosbeak, Neospiza concolor, a critically endangered restricted-range endemic found only in forests on the island of S??o Tom?? off the West African coast, believed extinct until rediscovered in 1996
The Golden-winged Grosbeak, Rhynchostruthus socotranus, a localised species found in northern Somalia, mountains of south-west Arabia and on the island of Socotra
The Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator, a pan-Holarctic pine forest species

The two Nearctic species in the genus Coccothraustes (which also contains a Palearctic species, the Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes):
Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus
Hooded Grosbeak Coccothraustes abeillei

The two species in the East Asian genus Eophona:
Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata
Chinese Grosbeak or Yellow-Billed Grosbeak Eophona migratoria

The four species in the South Asian genus Mycerobas:
Black-and-yellow Grosbeak Mycerobas icterioides
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis
Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes

The cardinal family, Cardinalidae, of the Americas contains the following 17 extant species:

The Red-and-black Grosbeak, Periporphyrus erythromelas of northern South America

Two species in the Neotropical genus Saltator (all other species in this genus are referred to as saltators):
Slate-coloured Grosbeak, Saltator groseus
Black-throated Grosbeak, Saltator fuliginosus

The two species in the Neotropical genus Caryothraustes:
Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster
Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis

The Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Parkerthraustes humeralis of South America
The Crimson-collared Grosbeak, Rhodothraupis celaeno, a restricted-range endemic found only in eastern Mexico

The six species in the genus Pheucticus
Yellow Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysopeplus
Golden-bellied Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster
Black-thighed Grosbeak Pheucticus tibialis, a restricted-range endemic found only in the highlands of Costa Rica and Panama
Black-backed Grosbeak Pheucticus aureoventris
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus

Two species in the Neotropical genus Cyanocampsa (this genus also contains the Blue Bunting Cyanocampsa parellina):
Ultramarine Grosbeak Cyanocampsa brissonii
Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocampsa cyanoides

The Glaucous-blue Grosbeak Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea of eastern South America
The Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea

In addition, there are two extinct species with the name grosbeak: the Bonin Grosbeak Chaunoproctus ferreorostris (a finch), found only on the Ogasawara Islands, which was last recorded in c. 1832, and the Kona Grosbeak or Grosbeak Finch, a Hawaiian honeycreeper, last recorded in c. 1896.

Finally, the weaver family (Ploceidae) contains a species called the Grosbeak Weaver, Amblyospiza albifrons.
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Evening Grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus, is a large finch. In the past, it was treated in a genus of its own as Hesperiphona vespertina, but is now usually placed in the same genus as the Hawfinch of Eurasia.
Scientific Name: Hesperiphona vespertina (Cooper, 1825)
Synonyms: Coccothraustes vespertinus (Cooper, 1825)
Common Names: Evening Grosbeak
French: Gros-bec errant; German: Abendkernbeißer; Spanish: Picogordo Vespertino
Taxonomy: Fringilla vespertina W. Cooper, 1825, Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, USA.

Ultramarine grosbeak
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