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Pheasant (Family: Phasianidae) - Wiki
Subject: Pheasant (Family: Phasianidae) - Wiki
Stavenn Lophura nycthemera 00-silver pheasant.jpg
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Pheasant (Family: Phasianidae) - Wiki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae

[Photo] Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) at Central Park Zoo, New York. Author: User:Stavenn (
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Pheasants are a group of large birds in the order Galliformes.

Pheasant are characterised by strong sexual dimorphism, with males being highly ornate with bright colours and adornments such as wattles and long tails. Males are usually larger than the females, and have longer tails. Males play no part in rearing the young. Pheasants typically eat seeds and some insects.

There are 35 species of pheasant in 11 different genera. The best-known is the Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) which is widespread throughout the world in introduced feral populations and in farm operations. Various other pheasant species are popular in aviaries, such as the Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus).

In many countries pheasant species are hunted, often illegally, as game, and several species are threatened by this and other human activities such as illegal logging and habitat loss.

Species in taxonomic order
This list is ordered to show relationships between species

Blood Pheasant (genus Ithaginis)
Blood Pheasant, (Ithaginis cruentus)

Koklass (genus Pucrasia)
Koklass Pheasant, (Pucrasia macrolopha)

Gallopheasants (genus Lophura)
Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos)
- White-crested Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos hamiltoni)
- Nepal Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos leucomelanos)
- Black-backed Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos melanota)
- Black Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos moffitti)
- Black-breasted Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos lathami)
- William's Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos williamsi)
- Oates' Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos oatesi)
- Crawfurd's Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos crawfurdi)
- Lineated Kalij Pheasant, (Lophura leucomelanos lineata)
Silver Pheasant, (Lophura nycthemera)
- (Lophura nycthemera nycthemera)
- (Lophura nycthemera lewisi)
- (Lophura nycthemera annamensis)
- (Lophura nycthemera engelbachi)
- (Lophura nycthemera beli)
- (Lophura nycthemera berliozi)
- (Lophura nycthemera rufripes)
- (Lophura nycthemera ripponi)
- (Lophura nycthemera occidentalis)
- (Lophura nycthemera beaulieui)
- (Lophura nycthemera fokiensis)
- (Lophura nycthemera whiteheadi)
- (Lophura nycthemera omeiensis)
- (Lophura nycthemera rongjiangensis)
Imperial Pheasant, (Lophura imperialis)
Edward's Pheasant, (Lophura edwardsi)
Swinhoe's Pheasant, (Lophura swinhoii)
Salvadori's Pheasant, (Lophura inornata)
Crestless Fireback Pheasant, (Lophura erythrophthalma)
- Malayan Crestless Fireback, (Lophura erythrophthalma erythrophthalma)
- Bornean Crestless Fireback, (Lophura erythrophthalma pyronota)
Crested Fireback Pheasant, (Lophura ignita)
- Lesser Bornean Crested Fireback, (Lophura ignita ignita)
- Greater Bornean Crested Fireback, (Lophura ignita nobilis)
- Vieilott's Crested Fireback, (Lophura ignita rufa)
- Delacour's Crested Fireback, (Lophura ignita macartneyi)
Siamese Fireback, (Lophura diardi)
Bulwer's Wattled Pheasant, (Lophura bulweri)

Eared Pheasants (genus Crossoptilon)
White-eared Pheasant, (Crossoptilon crossoptilon)
Brown Eared Pheasant, (Crossoptilon mantchuricum)
Blue Eared Pheasant, (Crossoptilon auritum)

Cheer (genus Catreus)
Cheer Pheasant, (Catreus wallichi)

Long-tailed Pheasants (genus Syrmaticus)
Reeve's Pheasant, (Syrmaticus reevesi)
Elliot's Pheasant, (Syrmaticus ellioti)
Bar-tailed Pheasant, (Syrmaticus humiae)
Mikado Pheasant, (Syrmaticus mikado)
Copper Pheasant, (Syrmaticus soemmerringi)

True Pheasants (genus Phasianus)
Green Pheasant (Phasianus versicolor)
Common Pheasant, (Phasianus colchicus)
- Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus colchicus)
- Ringnecked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus torquatus)

Ruffed Pheasants (genus Chrysolophus)
Golden Pheasant, (Chrysolophus pictus)
Lady Amherst's Pheasant, (Chrysolophus amherstiae)

Peacock Pheasants (genus Polyplectron)
Bronze-tailed Peacock Pheasant, (Polyplectron chalcurum)
Mountain Peacock Pheasant, (Polyplectron inopinatum)
Germain's Peacock Pheasant, (Polyplectron germaini)
Grey Peacock Pheasant (Polyplectron bicalcaratum)
Malaysian Peacock Pheasant, (Polyplectron malacense)
Bornean Peacock Pheasant, (Polyplectron schleiermacheri)
Palawan Peacock Pheasant, (Polyplectron emphanum)

Crested Argus (genus Rheinartia)
Crested Argus Pheasant, (Rheinartia ocellata)

Great Argus (genus Argusianus)
Great Argus Pheasant, (Argusianus argus)
Double-banded Argus, (Argusianus bipunctatus )
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The silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) is a species of pheasant found in forests, mainly in mountains, of mainland Southeast Asia, and eastern and southern China, with introduced populations in Hawaii and various locations in the US mainland.

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