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Patagioenas (Family: Columbidae, New World Pigeons) - Wiki
Subject: Patagioenas (Family: Columbidae, New World Pigeons) - Wiki
Band-tailed Pigeons (Patagioenas fasciata).jpg
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Patagioenas (Family: Columbidae, New World Pigeons) - Wiki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[Photo] Band-tailed Pigeons (Columba fasciata or Patagioenas fasciata) at a feeder near Pecos, New Mexico. By Karen Schiltz.
Copyright (C) Karen Schiltz
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Patagioenas is a genus of New World pigeons that was split from the genus Columba (Johnson et al. 2001).

There are 17 species, which can be assigned to 4 groups based on mtDNA cytochrome b, cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2, as well as the nuclear β-fibrinogen intron 7 data (Johnson et al. 2001) combined with analyses of vocalizations and morphology (Mahler & Tubaro 2001):

caribaea (Band-tailed) group: Tails with terminal bands and iridescent neck; rows of low single coos. Apparently the most basal group (Johnson et al. 2001).

Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata
Chilean Pigeon, Patagioenas araucana
Ring-tailed Pigeon, Patagioenas caribaea

leucocephala group: Iridescent neck and dark plumage, or white edged outer wing coverts, or scaly appearance; groups of triple coos with the first call in each drawn out except in speciosa

White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala
Scaly-naped Pigeon, Patagioenas squamosa
Scaled Pigeon, Patagioenas speciosa
Picazuro Pigeon, Patagioenas picazuro
Bare-eyed Pigeon, Patagioenas corensis
Spot-winged Pigeon, Patagioenas maculosa

cayennensis group: No display plumage except iridescent head in cayennensis; groups of double or triple coos with the first call in each short

Pale-vented Pigeon, Patagioenas cayennensis
Red-billed Pigeon, Patagioenas flavirostris
Peruvian Pigeon, Patagioenas oenops
Plain Pigeon, Patagioenas inornata

plumbea group (Oenoenas): Small size, plain plumage, rounded tails, small bills, phrase composed of high single coos

Plumbeous Pigeon, Patagioenas plumbea
Ruddy Pigeon, Patagioenas subvinacea
Short-billed Pigeon, Patagioenas nigrirostris
Dusky Pigeon, Patagioenas goodsoni

A fossil species initially described as Columba, Patagioenas micula (Early Pliocene of Curtis Ranch, USA) is known.
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Ring-tailed pigeon
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