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Mongoose (Family: Herpestidae) - Wiki
Subject: Mongoose (Family: Herpestidae) - Wiki
Dwarf mongoose Korkeasaari zoo-Common Dwarf Mongoose (Helogale parvula).jpg
Resolution: 1280x960 File Size: 158844 Bytes Date: 2006:09:10 16:09:28 Camera: Canon EOS 20D (Canon) F number: f/8.0 Exposure: 1/40 sec Focal Length: 235/1 Upload Date: 2007:08:14 13:11:53

Mongoose (Family: Herpestidae) - Wiki

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[Photo] Common Dwarf Mongoose (Helogale parvula) in Korkeasaari zoo. Date September 10, 2006. Author Miika Silfverberg (MiikaS) from Vantaa, Finland

A mongoose is a member of the family of small cat-like carnivores. Mongooses are widely distributed in Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and southern Europe. There are more than thirty species, ranging from one to four feet in length. Mongooses mostly feed on insects, crabs, earthworms, lizards, snakes, chickens, and rodents. However, they will also eat eggs and carrion. Some species, such as the Indian mongoose, are popularly used to fight and kill venomous snakes, even king cobras. They are able to do this because of their agility and cunning, but typically avoid the cobra and have no particular affinity for consuming their meat.

Some species of mongoose can be easily domesticated, are fairly intelligent, and can be taught simple tricks, so they are often kept as pets to protect the home from vermin. However, they can be more destructive than desired; when imported into the West Indies for the purpose of killing rats and snakes, they destroyed most of the small, ground-based fauna. For this reason, it is illegal to import most species of mongooses into the United States, Australia and other countries. Mongooses were introduced to Hawaii in 1883, and have had a significant impact on native species. Mongooses are sometimes referred to as "the most dangerous animals on the planet" for this reason.

Mongooses are a common spectacle for road-side shows in India. Snake-charmers typically keep mongooses for mock fights with snakes. In Okinawa, Japan, there is a tourist attraction where a mongoose and a type of local venomous snake, the habu (one of various Trimeresurus species) are placed in a closed perimeter and allowed to fight, while spectators watch. However, due to pressure from animal rights activists, the spectacle is less common today.

The plural form of mongoose is mongooses or mongeese. The word mongoose is derived from the Marathi word mangus.

The mongooses belong to one of four families of terrestrial cat-like mammals descended from the Viverraines, which were civet/genet-like mammals. The mongoose family is a close evolutionary relation of the family Viverridae and mongooses are sometimes classified as members of this family; however, mongooses have characteristic and distinguishing morphological and behavioural features though they do have the same basic dental formula as the viverrids. In contrast to the arboreal, nocturnal viverrids, mongooses are more commonly terrestrial and many are active during the day. Most are solitary like the Egyptian mongoose but a few, for example meerkats, have well-developed social systems.

Less diverse than the viverrids, the 30 species and 11 genera of mongooses are assigned to only two subfamilies. The subfamily Herpestinae comprises 30 species of African and Asian mongooses, including the Cape gray mongoose, the Egyptian mongoose and the meerkat or suricate.

Mongooses have long faces and bodies, small rounded ears, short legs and long tapering tails. Most are brindled or grizzled; few have strongly marked coats. They have non-retractile claws that are used primarily for digging.

Mongooses are distributed throughout North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and Asia living in a variety of habitats from forests to open woodland, savanna, semi-desert and desert. Chiefly terrestrial, some are aquatic or semi-arboreal. The Indian Mongoose (Herpestes javanicus) can be found in Hawaii North America and is known locally as iole manakuke.

Social structures
The Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) is sometimes held as an example of a solitary mongoose, though they have been observed to work in groups also.

The meerkat or suricate (Suricata suricatta) lives in troops of 2-3 families each comprising a male, a female and 2-5 offspring in open country in Southern Africa (Angola, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa). Meerkats are small, diurnal mammals foraging for invertebrates in open country. Their behaviour and small size (they weigh less than one kilogram) makes them very vulnerable to larger carnivores and birds of prey. However, the meerkat has been known to eat small birds that migrate through Southern Africa. To protect the foraging troops from predators, one meerkat serves as a sentinel ??? climbing to an exposed vantage point and scanning the surroundings for danger. If the sentinel detects a predator it gives a loud alarm call to warn the troop and indicate if the threat comes from the air or the ground. If from the air, the meerkats rush as fast as they can to the nearest hole. If from the ground, the troop flees but not quite so fast as meerkats are more able to evade terrestrial predators than airborne raptors.


Subfamily Herpestinae

Genus Atilax
Marsh Mongoose, Atilax paludinosus
Genus Bdeogale
Bushy-tailed Mongoose, Bdeogale crassicauda
Jackson's Mongoose, Bdeogale jacksoni
Black-footed Mongoose, Bdeogale nigripes
Genus Crossarchus
Alexander's Cusimanse, Crossarchus alexandri
Ansorge's Cusimanse, Crossarchus ansorgei
Long-nosed Cusimanse, Crossarchus obscurus
Flat-headed Cusimanse, Crossarchus platycephalus
Genus Cynictis
Yellow Mongoose, Cynictis penicillata
Genus Dologale
Pousargues' Mongoose, Dologale dybowskii
Genus Galerella
Black Slender Mongoose, Galerella flavescens
Cape Grey Mongoose, Galerella pulverulenta
Slender Mongoose, Galerella sanguinea
Namaqua Slender Mongoose, Galerella swalius
Genus Helogale
Desert Dwarf Mongoose, Helogale hirtula
Dwarf Mongoose, Helogale parvula
Genus Herpestes
Short-tailed Mongoose, Herpestes brachyurus
Indian Gray Mongoose, Herpestes edwardsii
Indian Brown Mongoose, Herpestes fuscus
Egyptian Mongoose, Herpestes ichneumon
Indian Mongoose, Herpestes javanicus or Herpestes auropunctatus
Long-nosed Mongoose, Herpestes naso
Bengal Mongoose, Herpestes palustris
Collared Mongoose, Herpestes semitorquatus
Ruddy Mongoose, Herpestes smithii
Crab-eating Mongoose, Herpestes urva
Striped-necked Mongoose, Herpestes vitticollis
Genus Ichneumia
White-tailed Mongoose, Ichneumia albicauda
Genus Liberiictus
Liberian Mongoose, Liberiictis kuhni
Genus Mungos
Gambian Mongoose, Mungos gambianus
Banded Mongoose, Mungos mungo
Genus Mungotictis
Narrow-striped Mongoose, Mungotictis decemlineata
Genus Paracynictis
Selous' Mongoose, Paracynictis selousi
Genus Rhynchogale
Meller's Mongoose, Rhynchogale melleri
Genus Suricata
Meerkat, Suricata suricatta
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Scientific Name: Helogale parvula (Sundevall, 1847)
Common Names:
English – Common Dwarf Mongoose, Dwarf Mongoose
French – Mangouste naine

Desert collared lizard
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