Animal Pictures Archive mobile
Query: Chestnut heathResult: 8th of 8
Walia ibex (Capra walie) - Wiki
Subject: Walia ibex (Capra walie) - Wiki
Capra walia-Ethiopian or Walia ibex (Capra walie).jpg
Resolution: 598x380 File Size: 48342 Bytes Upload Date: 2007:01:08 09:24:53

Walia ibex (Capra walie) - Wiki

Walia Ibex
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[Photo] Capra walia - Walia ibex (Capra walie). Date 2006. Author Alessio Marrucci

The Walia Ibex (Capra walie) is a species of ibex that is critically endangered (although it is sometimes considered a subspecies of Alpine Ibex). Threats against the species include habitat loss, poaching and restricted range. Only 500 individuals survive in the mountains of Ethiopia.

These animals have a chocolate-brown to chestnut-brown coat coloration, greyish-brown muzzle and a lighter grey in the eyes and legs. The belly and insides of the legs are white, and black and white patterns stretch upon the legs of these animals. The males have very large horns which curve backwards, reaching lengths up to 110 cm. These horns are used for dominance disputes between males. The males also have distinguished black beards. Females also have horns but they are shorter and thinner. Females are smaller in body size and lighter in color.

Habitat and Ecology
The Walia Ibex lives in very steep rocky, cliff areas between around 2500 and 4500 m high. Habitat is mountain forest, sub-alpine grasslands and scrub. They are grazers. Their diet includes bushes, herbs, lichens, shrubs, grass, and creepers. Often seen standing on its hind legs to get to young shoots of giant heath. Most active in the morning and evening and will rest in the sun on rock ledges. Males live in bachelor groups and females live in groups with their offspring. Mating season is at summit from March to May. Males compete for females by ramming their horns with amazing force. Gestation period occurs around 150???165 days. They reach sexual maturity at one year of age.

Population and Threats
This species is only found in the northern mountains of Ethiopia. Only 150???200 animals were surviving in 1963, but now the population has increased to 500 indiviuals. They have been hunted extensivley for meat and horns. The horns are used as mugs and as trophies. Habitat loss is another major threat against the species. Encroaching settlement, livestock grazing and cultivation are all problems. Road construction is also fragmenting the habitat. Luckily, the Semien National Park which was established in 1969 has really helped the speices. However, they are still in trouble and need some more conservation measures to help protect them.
The text in this page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article shown in above URL. It is used under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the GFDL.

Scientific Name: Capra walie Rüppell, 1835
Common Names: Walia Ibex, Walia

Chestnut heath
| Mobile Home | New Photos | Random | Funny | Films | Korean |
^o^ Animal Pictures Archive for smart phones ^o^